International law is the body of legal rules that apply between sovereign states and such other entities as have been granted international personality by sovereign states. Concerning labour law, the most important entity is International Labour Organization.
The rules of international law are of a normative character; that is, they prescribe standards of conduct. They distinguish themselves, however, from moral rules by being, at least potentially, designed for authoritative interpretation by an independent judicial authority and by being capable of enforcement by the application of external sanctions. These characteristics make them legal rules.
The law-creating processes of international law are the forms in which rules of international law come into existence; i.e., treaties, rules of international customary law, and general principles of law recognized by civilized nations. It is the merit of article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice that this exclusive list of primary law-creating processes has received almost universal consent.
International law means public international law as distinct from private international law or the conflict of laws, which deals with the differences between the municipal laws of different countries.
International law forms a contrast to national law. While international law applies only between entities that can claim international personality, national law is the internal law of states that regulates the conduct of individuals and other legal entities within their jurisdiction.
International law can be universal, regional or bilateral. Although there is some duplication between universal and regional labour law, the practical value of regional law lies mainly in the possibility it offers to establish standards which are more progressive than worldwide standards for dealing with the special problems of the region concerned; to secure greater uniformity of law within a region; or to provide more extensive reciprocal advantages. Bilateral law has a different purpose. Mainly, it determines the conditions of entry and of employment in each contracting country for the nationals of the other. This chapter deals only with universal and regional labour law.
The sources – instruments by which states and other subjects of international law, such as certain international organizations – of international law are international agreements. The agreements assume a variety of form and style, but they are all governed by the law of treaties, which is part of customary international law.
A treaty, the typical instrument of international relations, is defined by the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties as an “agreement concluded between States in written form and governed by international law, whether embodied in a single instrument or in two or more related instruments and whatever its particular designation”.
Some multilateral agreements set up an international organization for a specific purpose or a variety of purposes. They may therefore be referred to as constituent agreements. The United Nations Charter (1945) is both a multilateral treaty and the constituent agreement of the United Nations. An example of a regional agreement that operates as a constituent agreement is the charter of the Organization of American States (Charter of Bogotá), which established the organization in 1948. The constitution of an international organization may be part of a wider multilateral treaty. The Treaty of Versailles (1919), for example, contained in Part I the Covenant of the League of Nations and in Part XIII the constitution of the International Labour Organization.
The term supranational is of recent origin and is used to describe the type of treaty structure developed originally by six western European states: France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The first treaty was that of Paris, signed in 1951, establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC); the second, the Rome treaty, signed in 1957, establishing the European Economic Community (EEC); the third, the Rome treaty of the same date establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). A clause in the ECSC treaty provides for the complete independence of the members of the executive organ from the governments that appoint them.
Treaties, however, are not the only instruments by which international agreements are concluded. There are single instruments that lack the formality of a treaty called agreed minute, memorandum of agreement, or modus vivendi; there are formal single instruments called convention, agreement, protocol, declaration, charter, covenant, pact, statute, final act, general act, and concordat; finally there are less formal agreements consisting of two or more instruments, such as “exchange of notes” or “exchange of letters.” (See United Nations, Definition of Key Terms Used in the UN Treaty Collection)
INTERNATIONAL LAW LINKS
International Labour Law
Directory of International Law Attorneys
Space Settlement Initiative
International War Crimes and Violations of the Rule of Law
Purpose and History – Women, Law & Development International
The Avalon Project : The International Military Tribunal for Germany
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Foreign Tax Law – What’s New
UN System Pathfinder: International Law – General issues
U.S. Copyright Office, Copyright Basics (Circular 1U.S. Copyright Office, Copyright Basics (Circular 1
International Trademark Association
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Legal Encyclopedia & Law Dictionary – The ‘Lectric Law Library Reference Room
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OTHER TYPES OF LAW LINKS
The Importance of Studying Law
By Afrika Bambaataa
What is Law? There are all types of Law. There is Universal Law that deal with The Supreme Force whom set this whole Universe(s) into a system of Chaos, that became Law out of nothing like Darkness of Nothing to Light, Something. Something meaning giving you Sun, Moons, Stars, Planets, Nebulas, Milkey ways, Gasses, Water, Winds, Fires, Beings from different planets and a mind to even question if there is a Supreme Force, A God, or Gods and Goddesses, Elohiems, Neterus and Life beyond Earth. Everything in Life is base on Mathematics. You cannot do anything in Life without Mathematics. You sleep, walk, talk, think, eat, and run all to Mathematic and Mathematics is Law.
So What is Law and how many Laws there is??? According to The Black Laws Dictionary Vol. 2, Law is Orders. A system of principles and rules which of human conduct, being the aggregate of those commandments and principles which are either prescribe or recognized by the governing power in an organized jural society as it will inrelation to the conduct of the members of such society, and which it undertakes to maintain and sanction and to use as the criteria of the actions of such members. I Afika Bambaataa can also say that this can also be true dealing with the Governing Laws of The Universe(s) and its members, (Beings from all over the Universe(s) whom also follow what Laws of Their meaning or thinking of Their Supreme Force, Gods or Goddesses or heir selves of what ever state of Being that they are in as Life. Hold on this might get al little deep for you but we try to keep common sense in what we are saying with an open mind. Law is that which is laid down, ordained, or established. Arule or method according to which phenomena or actions co –exists or follows each other. So how many types of Law there is? So many that I could not put them all in this article. Many of your who are reading this article, I am not going to let you off easy and give you many of the answers, that is why you must research this yourselves. Look up the law that suits you. Universal Laws, Earth Laws, International Laws, Dimensional Laws, Mathematical Laws, Gravity Law, God (The Supreme Force Laws, under world Laws, Lucifer (Satan) Laws, Your Laws etc.
Classification Subject Matter Law that’s either public or private. There’s Constitutional Laws, Administrative Law, Criminal Law. There is Law of Citations, Law of evidence, Martial Law, as well as The Prophets of The Bible, The Qu’ Ran, The Book Coming Forth By Day and many Ancient Text Laws or Religious Laws. Laws rule you all even ifyou know it or not. There is even Laws of War, Laws of the Streets, Drug Laws, and Air Space Laws, Law of the Seas, Oceans and Land laws. We can do nothing without Laws. Even Savages who think they have no laws still are under some type of laws. There is Spiritual Laws, LocalLaws, Corporate Laws, Personal Laws or Indigenous Laws. What Laws are you following? The laws of Common Sense, Common Laws, Bankruptcy Law, Case Law, Maritime Law, Military Law, Municipal Laws Moral Law, Organic Law, Penal Law, Revenue Law, Written Law or straight up Natural Law. Do you Humans still think your not run by laws??? Do Extraterrestrials, Space Beings, Angels, Demons, whatever think all of youbeings on Earth and beyond, on Stars, Planets, Subterranean Worlds, Dimensional all think that all of your can get away from law. Life is Law, Birth is Law, and Death is Law so called time that always was and Law also runs forever. That why is so important for all to study some type of laws especially when the laws are controlling and studying you. Laws can make you a slave and guess what there are Slave-servitude laws. Laws of the Matrix. Go watch all The 4 Matrix movies again 15 times each and really study the movie.
How Many Laws there is??? Magic Laws, Witchcraft Laws, the Laws of Science, and the laws of health, Roman law, Foreign Laws, Absolute Law of Nature. There is so much laws that there is even Laws to govern Laws. So Sisters and Brothers, Humans of Earth, Beings of other places in the Universe(s) and Beyond, I don’t care where you’re at in whatever world your come from. STUDY THE LAWS OR THE LAWS WILL STUDY YOU.